Category: Working Papers


Running away: an act that defies religious, caste, community, and family norms of sociality, sexuality
and marriage. Runaways: the new social category of persons that represents new youth rebels, their
search for self and individual identities, a social category of persons who are often not treated as
Now a regular feature of rural life, girls and boys run away to be together, to be married, to be
companions. And, in this act, they trigger consequences unanticipated by them and their families
and manifesting in full bloom the inbuilt caste hostilities, intolerance and lack of sensitivity of Indian

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Silent Violence and Neo Bondage in the urban informal sector

The India Migration Report 2017 examines forced migration caused by political conflicts, climate change, disasters (natural and man-made) and development projects. India accounts for large numbers of internally displaced people in the world. Apart from conflicts and disasters, over the years development projects (including urban redevelopment and beautification), often justified as serving the interests of the people and for public good, have caused massive displacements in different parts of the country, disrupting the lives and livelihoods of millions of people.

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Too Little Too Late: Apathy to the Rural Sector

The last budget of the Modi government comes against the backdrop of severe agrarian and rural distress. It is also the last opportunity to undo the damage caused to the rural economy by this government in the last four years. While the government has fi nally acknowledged the gravity of the situation, its response has been limited to empty rhetoric without any fi nancial commitment. Going by the past record of the government, it is clear that it is serious neither in its commitment nor in its intent. The half-hearted measures are not only too little and too late, it is also clear that this budget is unlikely to revive the rural economy.

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